In the simplest terms, modern screen printing is a method of transferring ink onto a receivable surface. The process calls for a handful of items such as emulsion, inks, screens, frames, squeegees, and lights. However these are all fairly inexpensive items. This method can be used to apply designs to more than just clothing, but objects like balloons, electronics, machines, signs, decals, and much more.
The screen and frame method does take a bit of time, however the precision and quality is arguably a step up from a similarly popular "screen" printing method known as heat pressing. This method only requires a heat press machine and transfer paper, and only takes around 30 seconds to have a finished product. There are a few differences in the types and utilities of a heat press which you can see in the second section of this guide (below).
(A. Ink. B. Squeegee. C. Image. D. Photo-emulsion. E. Screen. F. Printed image.)
Clamshell Heat Press
Swing-away Heat Press
Choosing a heat press
Factors to consider with a heat press
There are still many nuances of screen printing that have not been covered and will be added to this guide. If you have any suggestions or would like to add a guide of your own, please feel free to contact me.